Law to better protect
Find out more about the changes that will have a direct impact on the lives of thousands of vulnerable people and their loved ones.
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Have you inherited a house? Unfortunately, you don’t have the right to sign a lease with a tenant because you aren’t yet 18. The law prohibits non-emancipated minors from performing this act. Your parents (also known as your legal tutors) or your dative or suppletive tutor must do it on your behalf.
Did you know…
The same thing goes for signing a contract or suing someone who owes you money or has caused you material or physical damage. All of these acts are part of the exercise of civil rights and require the intervention of your tutors, who are your legal representatives. This is because in Québec, it has been decided that to ensure the protection of people under 18, they should be denied the legal capacity to perfom such acts. Your legal incapacity ends when you come of age or are emancipated.
A few exceptions allow a minor of 14 to exercise their civil rights in relation to their job. Feel free to contact us if you are in this situation and want to know more.
Your legal incapacity does not relieve you of personal liability. Children are considered to be capable of distinguishing right from wrong by the time they are 7. Consequently, as of that age, they are obliged to repair the damage they have caused. This means that if you cause someone physical or psychological injury, you must assume the consequences. The same holds true if you damage property that does not belong to you. Your parents can also be held responsible for harm you have caused if they have failed to fulfill their responsibility to care for you and supervise you.
So, you can’t do wrong and get away with it just because you are a minor! Yes, that’s how it is!